Cardamom which is also known as small cardamom or green cardamom normalises digestion, mitigates kapha, increases urine output and helps to reduce cholesterol, it acts as a potent fat burner and helps in weight loss.
Its Botanical name is Elettaria Cardamomum and belongs to Family Zinziberaceae .
Anatomy of plant : It’s a shrub with lots of leaves. The plant of cardamom is a perennial herb containing reed like structure. It is 3-4 meters in height and three to four years old plant bears fruits.
Cardamom has different names in India
Sanskrit names: Triputa (has three faces), Draavidi , Sookshma ela (small in size).
Hindi : choti ilaichi
Gujarati– chota elacha
Marathi – veldoda, belachi
Telagu – elakkapaalu
Malyalam – yelam
Kannada – yaalakki
Ayurveda Health Benefits and Uses of Cardamom
The health benefits and uses of cardamom are explained as follows in ayurveda.
Cardamom is laghu (light to digest ) and rooksha (reduces moistness of tissues). Madhura and Katu rasa( tastes little hot and little sweet) has Sheetha Veerya (cold potency) .
Effect on Doshas
It pacifies all three doshas (vata, pitta and kapha).
Effective on Digestive System:
When chewed reduces nausea and vomiting sensation . Chewing cardamom reduces bad odour from mouth. Its powder helps in indigestion. It is the best liver detoxifying agent and balances pitta.
Cardamom for Weight loss, Diabetes and cholesterol
Researches have shown that cardamom help to reduce body weight and cholesterol. Since it normalises digestion, mitigates kapha, increases urine output and helps to reduce cholesterol, it acts as a potent fat burner. It has been used in NILOBESE ayurvedic weight Loss Tea as an important ingredient.(https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326532.php#metabolic-syndrome-and-diabetes ). It also helps to reduce blood sugar level. It is known as heart healthy spice.
Cardamom tea recipe for weight loss
Take 2 cardamoms and pound it in mortar and pestle. Boil a glass of water and turn off stove. Add pounded cardamom and cover the glass with a plate. Allow it to steep for 5 minutes. Stir well and consume daily in empty stomach. Cardamom weight loss tea also relieves burning sensation and acts as body coolant.
Cardamom for PCOS or PCOD
Since cardamom helps in weight and blood sugar management, it can be used effectively in PCOS or PCOD. Women suffering from PCOS can use cardamom tea regularly.
In Cough and Cold
Seeds of cardamom when chewed slowly help to relieve cough and cold as they reduce kapha and also balance vata.
Helps in Cystitis and UTI
This spice has been praised as “mutra kruchra hara” in ayurveda. It relieves painful urination and is recommended in Cystitis and UTI. It also increases urine out put.
It is usually added to enhance flavor of sweets.
Nutritional Value of Cardamom
One tablespoon of ground cardamom contains the following nutrients:
total fat: 0.4 grams (g)
carbohydrates: 4.0 g
fiber: 1.6 g
protein: 0.6 g
potassium: 64.9 milligrams (mg)
calcium: 22.2 mg
iron: 0.81 mg
magnesium: 13.3 mg
phosphorus: 10.3 mg
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